How does a child learn to make moral judgments? Is it simply a matter of learning to tell right from wrong?
In the middle childhood years, a child adopts values, beliefs, and attitudes that are handed down by others, in particulars our grandparents, parents, older brothers and sisters. Essential to this aspect of social development are the moral judgments people make about their own behavior and that of others. Such judgments depend not so much on what we can do in a given situation as on what we believe we ought to do.
There are many factors on which children and youth of various ages make moral decisions. Many psychologists believe that moral growth also begins early and proceeds in stages. As one matures, moral good is seen as residing in abstract principles rather than in individuals or even society.